Professor Fabio Ribeiro of the Department of Chemical Engineering at Purdue University has been named the recipient of the 2012 International Precious Metals Institute Henry J. Albert Award, sponsored by BASF Corporation, in recognition of his outstanding theoretical and experimental contributions to the science and technology of precious metals. His research group combines measurements on realistic dispersed clusters and flat model systems with precision and reliability at the state-of-the-art. He has provided the kinetic data set for water-gas shift that represents the standard used by others in benchmarking of other materials and of theoretical estimates. This work has also demonstrated the strong effects of supports in the activation of water in water-gas shift and that all exposed surface atoms are active on Pt clusters but only corner atoms with low coordination are active on Au clusters. His seminal studies of NOx reactions have unveiled the mechanism of NO oxidation and provided elegant examples of the use of spectroscopic and kinetic tools in unraveling the complex pathways in NOx trapping on Ba-promoted Pt/alumina systems. His group continues to expand the experimental frontiers with recent developments X‑ray absorption spectroscopy during catalysis at high pressures in liquid and gaseous media, with infrared analysis of adsorbed species during isotopic transients, and with state-of-the-art environmental transmission electron microscopy. These successes build on his earlier studies of Pd catalysts which defined the reaction pathways involved in catalytic combustion of methane and in catalytic hydrodechlorination of a wide range of hydrochlorofluorocarbon molecules.
Michel Boudart, chemical engineer and expert in catalysis, dies at 87 Professor Boudart taught at Princeton and Berkeley but was best known for his five decades at the heart of the Department of Chemical Engineering at Stanford. His influence shaped catalysis during the post--war period when energy, defense and space industries demanded a deeper understanding of chemical reactions.
By Andrew Myers
Michel Boudart, a professor emeritus of chemical engineering at Stanford University and for five decades one of the world’s leading experts in catalysis, died May 2 at an assisted living center in Palo Alto, California, of multiple organ failure. He was 87.
Boudart was the first William M. Keck, Sr. Professor of Chemical Engineering and one of a very few individuals who were responsible for establishing the reputation of Stanford’s chemical engineering department. The central theme of his research was the catalytic properties of metals, particularly small metal particles.
Boudart essentially brought catalysis, as a science, to chemical engineering in the United States. He was an international ambassador for the field over his entire career.
“Michel Boudart was a world renowned and influential expert in the field of catalysis who brought the Stanford University chemical engineering to prominence and trained several decades of students,” said Andreas Acrivos, a fellow professor at Stanford and now professor emeritus both at Stanford and at the City College of CUNY. “He left a legacy that would be difficult to replicate.”
As a professor, Boudart supervised what was consistently one of the larger groups of PhD candidates in the department, eventually guiding over 70 doctoral candidates to their degrees and mentoring over 100 post--doctoral candidates and visiting scientists. The diaspora of his former students would go on to lead and shape the field.
Le plus de saveur
An avid international traveller, Boudart and his wife, Marina, boasted friends across the world. His office sported Japanese shoji screens, abstract prints, and overstuffed sofas and – occupying one entire wall – an immense periodic table of the elements, printed in Russian, which he read with ease.
In a brief biography, Boudart cited as his personal philosophy a quote from French literary theorist Roland Barthes: “Nul pouvoir, un peu de savoir, un peu de sagesse, et le plus de saveur possible.” Translated loosely, it reads: “No power, a little knowledge, a little wisdom, and as much flavor as possible.” In this context, he will always be remembered as a man of real personal charisma and, one of the last “gentleman scientists.”
Catalysis is the study of chemical processes by which one substance, the catalyst, promotes a reaction between other substances without itself changing.
It is fundamental to the chemical, petroleum and pharmaceutical industries, among many others.
In the post--war era, the United States became the acknowledged leader in the field, mostly owing to advances flowing out of American academia and industry. Boudart was at the center of it all. He was an unabashed champion of catalysis. Though the field is obscure to most lay audiences, catalysis has a profound impact on our world and how we live.
In a published interview, Boudart once laid out his case: Without catalysis, he said, “[o]ur satellites could not be maneuvered, our autos would pour out all the noxious chemicals we’ve spent years guarding against. Our telephone links with the rest of the world would be seriously impeded.”
In 1975, in the wake of the first oil crisis, Boudart and two associates founded Catalytica in Santa Clara, California, which worked on highly complex catalytic problems for petrochemical, chemical, and pharmaceutical firms as well as government agencies. He served as a consultant to numerous well--known companies.
“[Catalytica] started in the catalysis consulting field, a service made clearly necessary by the oil crisis,” Boudart said at the time. “One of the critical areas was in synthetic fuels.”
Accolades and awards were showered on Boudart throughout his life, but particularly in the later years of his career, when the scale of his impact became clear.
In 1985, the University of Utah hosted a five--day symposium on catalysis solely in Boudart’s honor. In 2004, the Journal of Physical Chemistry dedicated an entire issue to Boudart’s legacy.
In their introduction, the journal’s editors wrote, “Michel Boudart has been the guiding force in the field of heterogeneous catalysis for more than forty years. He was known for elegantly stated concepts and his elucidation of catalytic sites, his experimental studies of new catalytic materials, and the activities of [his] many students and collaborators …”
The journal cited his foremost achievement as the quantification of catalysis as rigorous sequences of elementary steps. He focused attention on the need to report reaction rates evaluated under the most rigorous assessment techniques available and he introduced the concept of turnover rate – the number of molecules converted per site per second. He then perfected precise protocols for accurate measurement of reactions.
Boudart’s insistence on rigorous collection and reporting of data proved invaluable in comparing data generated by different laboratories throughout the world and enabled many subsequent advances in the field. His vision, leadership, and wisdom were credited as a major force in bringing catalysis to a point where the design of specific catalytic materials for environmental protection, production of chemicals, and energy conversion processes became possible.
In 2006, the Danish company Haldor Topsøe sponsored The Michel Boudart Award for the Advancement of Catalysis, which is administered jointly by the North American Catalysis Society and the European Federation of Catalysis Societies.
Michel Boudart was born on 18 June 1924 in Brussels, Belgium. In 1940, as Hitler’s Panzer divisions blitzkrieged his homeland, Boudart was just 16. He had been accepted to the University of Louvain, but the university was closed due to the war.
In order not to be drafted or sent to German factories, Boudart worked as a volunteer stretcher--bearer for the Red Cross. Meanwhile, he had private tutoring to prepare for Louvain. When the university reopened, Boudart graduated in three years at the top of every class, save mathematics, where he was outdone only by his dear friend, the late Professor Rene de Vogelaere of the University of California, Berkeley.
Boudart earned his B.S. at the University of Louvain in 1944 and his M.S. in 1947. He then left Belgium to attend Princeton University, where he took his PhD in chemistry in 1950. “He and his wife Marina were born in Belgium and were knighted by the crown, but America was their adopted home,” said Acrivos. “Their children are thoroughly American.”
After earning his doctorate, Boudart held faculty positions at Princeton until 1961 and, for three years, at Berkeley, before joining the Stanford faculty in 1964. He was Chair of the Department of Chemical Engineering at Stanford from 1975 to 1978. He also held visiting professorships at the Universities of Louvain, Rio de Janeiro, Tokyo, and Paris. He became professor emeritus in 1994.
Boudart authored or coauthored over 280 journal articles and served on the editorial boards of at least ten journals. His book, Kinetics of Chemical Processes, is a standard reference and was translated into Japanese, Spanish, and French. His book, Kinetics of Heterogeneous Catalytic Processes, written with G. Djega--Mariadassou, was published in French in 1982 and translated to English in 1984. He was coeditor-- in--chief of Catalysis Science and Engineering, a series of twelve volumes.
Boudart was recipient of numerous awards, among them the Wilhelm Award in Chemical Reaction Engineering from the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (1974), the Kendall Award (1977) and the Murphee Award (1985) from the American Chemical Society, and the Chemical Pioneer Award (1991) of the American Institute of Chemists.
His election to both the National Academy of Science and the National Academy of Engineering were reflections of Boudart’s leadership and his scientific gravitas. He was likewise a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the California Academy of Sciences. He was a foreign member of the Academia Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux--Arts de Belgique and its Royal Belgian Academy Council for Applied Sciences.
Boudart received honorary doctorates from the University of Liege, the University of Notre Dame, the University of Ghent, and the Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine.
He held four patents
Boudart is survived by a daughter, Iris Harris, of Whittier, Calif.; three sons, Marc, of Aptos, Calif.; Baudouin, of Atherton, Calif; and Philip, of Palo Alto; and grandchildren Marina and Clint Harris; and Jesse, Louise, and Noella Boudart. His wife, Marina d’Haese Boudart, died in 2009. A second daughter, Dominique, died in childhood.
Download PDF document: Michel Boudart Obituary
This award recognizes Dr. Armor’s dedication to the catalysis community through his leadership in the North American Catalysis Society, the New York Academy of Sciences, and the American Chemical Society and in the organization of international symposia and conferences. He has served the North America Catalysis Society as President and Treasurer for more than two decades and during his tenure strengthened the financial and technical underpinnings of the Society, the quality and rigor or its meetings, and the scope and reach of its educational activities. He has brought enhanced recognition to members of the Society and a brighter future to the discipline through his articulate advocacy of catalysis and his leadership in strengthening the involvement of students and young practitioners in the activities of the Society.
Dr. Armor has served the community well as a teacher and as a visionary leader, while contributing as an independent scientist and a successful mentor and research manager in industrial settings. His technical contributions have been recognized with the Eugene J. Houdry Award of the North American Catalysis Society and with the E. V. Murphree Award of the American Chemical Society. He has served as Editor of Applied Catalysis and CatTech and has served on the editorial board of the leading journal in catalysis. He has authored many comprehensive reviews of catalytic technologies, often with insightful historical perspectives and always with a clear strategic vision.
Besides being the co-author of over 100 publications and co-inventor of one U.S. patent in the area of surface science and catalysis, Professor Ko was an accomplished educator. He received nine teaching awards in his career, including the William H. and Frances S. Ryan Teaching Award at Carnegie Mellon, the Chemical Manufacturers Association National Catalyst Award, the W. M. Keck Foundation Engineering Teaching Excellence Award, the W. E. Wickenden Award of the American Society for Engineering Education, and the School of Engineering Teaching Award at HKUST.
Professor Ko had nine years of academic administrative experience, with the first two at Carnegie Mellon and the last seven at CityU. As the key person charged to improve education at these two institutions, he directed activities in student recruitment and admissions, student development, student residence, curriculum design, quality assurance, and faculty development. He was particularly interested in developing an outcome-based approach to enhance student learning.
Serving as Chairman of the Curriculum Development Council and a member of the Quality Assurance Council of the University Grants Committee, Education Commission, and Advisory Committee on Teacher Education and Qualifications of the HKSAR Government, Professor Ko was deeply involved in the formulation and implementation of education policies in Hong Kong at all levels. He was also a council member of the Hong Kong Council for Accreditation of Academic and Vocational Qualifications and Hong Kong Institute of Education.
As someone who has spent about half of his life living and working in the US and the other half in Hong Kong, Professor Ko was keenly aware of the importance of being able to work comfortably and effectively across cultures. He created many cross-cultural learning experiences for CityU and HKUST students, including conducting workshops on intercultural communication himself. He also published 7 books and numerous articles on a wide range of educational issues in both English and Chinese since returning to Hong Kong in 1998.
Jeff was born on October 23, 1962 to Irwin and Leila Beck in Brooklyn, New York. He was a vibrant ball of fire with the dedication and intellect to make an ever lasting impact in our society. He earned his doctorate in Inorganic Chemistry from the University of Pennsylvania in 1989, true to his high school prediction. Jeff was a creative and prolific inventor, an inspirational leader, a devoted husband and friend, and a renowned scientist and engineer in his field. The loves of his life were his wife Lisa and sister Shari, game-changing innovation, art collection, and his dogs Pharaoh and Monty.
Jeff’s professional career began at Mobil’s Central Research Laboratory, immediately following his Ph. D. Throughout his career, Jeff made outstanding contributions to the discovery and commercialization of novel catalysts and processes for the production of key petrochemicals and clean fuels. His colleagues describe Jeff as an inspirational visionary who had the uncanny ability to see where the puck was going to be. His groundbreaking research on “liquid-crystal templating” led to the discovery of an entirely new class of tunable mesoporous materials, M41S, with pore sizes in the range of 16 to 100 Å. This discovery is recognized as a major innovation in the scientific community and has spawned a new field of materials chemistry. Technologies based on Jeff’s innovative and practical inventions also revolutionized the production of key petrochemicals, including para-xylene (used in the production of polyester fiber and PET plastics), via advanced catalysts and processes. Jeff was recognized for his excellence in catalysis and materials with numerous national and international awards, including the National Academy of Engineering (one of the highest professional distinctions accorded an engineer), the North American Catalysis Society’s Houdry Award (accorded to the most significant contributor to industrial catalysis), the American Chemical Society’s Heroes of Chemistry Award, and the International Zeolite Association’s Breck Award (accorded to the most significant advance in the field of micro-and meso-porous materials). He was author of nearly 75 US patents, published prolifically, and frequently delivered invited lectures at acclaimed universities and conferences worldwide. Jeff left an indelible mark not only in research, where he led ExxonMobil’s prestigious Corporate Strategic Research, but also in several assignments in the business, including Technical Manager at the Baytown Refinery, and Polyethylene Global Marketing Manager.
Though taken from this world quite too soon, Jeff’s loved ones can find comfort in knowing that he lived his life fully and the way he wanted. He demanded excellence, did not sit still for mediocrity, and inspired all who were fortunate enough to come to know him. Jeff found his happiest moments spending time with his beloved wife Lisa, and his dogs Pharaoh and Monty. His family, friends, and colleagues will remember him as a remarkable individual. He has taken in his early journey a part of each of us. We feel blessed to have had him with us. Jeff is survived by his wife Lisa, parents Irwin and Leila, sister Shari, and brother Richard.
Please share sympathies, memories, and condolences online at www.mem.com.
In lieu of flowers, Lisa has requested that donations be made to Best Friends Animal Society, www.bestfriends.org, or any other animal rescue organization.
The Southwest Catalysis Society will hold its Annual Spring Symposium at the Rice University McMurtry Auditorium in Houston on April 20, 2012. Registration begins at 8:00 AM. For regular members, registration is $50, which includes the dues to NACS. Registration for students is only $10.
To see a map of the venue: http://www.artshound.com/venue/detail/666
There is a Central Parking Garage at the intersection of Loop Rd. and Alumni Rd., only a few blocks away.
This annual, regional meeting provides a forum where catalysis in its various forms — heterogeneous to homogeneous, computational to experimental, surface science to materials synthesis, applied to fundamental, academic to industrial — can be discussed. Please make plans to attend. We have an exciting lineup of invited speakers as well as many poster presentations.
Confirmed speakers include:
- Carl Mesters, Shell Oil
- C. Buddie Mullins, UT, Austin
- David Artrip, Catalytic Consultants — A Conversation about Entrepreneuring in Catalysis
- Raghu Menon, Albemarle
- Mahdi Abu-Omar, Purdue
- Max Tirtowidjojo, Dow- Efficient Production of High Purity Phenolic Glycol Ethers
Additionally, sponsorship opportunities as well as exhibition tables are also available. If you or your company would like to sponsor a portion of the SWCS 2012 Annual Symposium or have catalysis-related exhibits to display that would be of interest to the membership, please contact John Novak at email@example.com for more information.
Stu has served on the editorial boards of leading catalysis journals and as chairs for catalysis conferences. He is an excellent teacher mentoring the next generation of distinguished scientists and technical staff. Stu has been invited to give lectures on national and international scientific meetings. He has published 100 patents and over 70 publications.
The award includes an honorarium ($1,000) and a plaque. Dr. Soled will receive this Award during the Catalysis Club of Chicago Spring Symposium on May 15, 2012 at BP Research Center (Naperville, IL). Dr. Soled will deliver the Award address at the Symposium.
Past recipients of the Herman Pines Award
- 1999 Harold Kung, Northwestern University
- 2000 John Monnier, Eastman Chemical
- 2001 Lanny Schmidt, University of Minnesota
- 2002 James Brazdil, BP
- 2003 James Dumesic, University of Wisconsin
- 2004 Alak Bhattacharyya, BP
- 2005 Israel Wachs, Lehigh University
- 2006 Jeffrey Miller, BP
- 2007 Chunshan Song, Pennsylvania State University
The Catalysis Club of Chicago (CCC) will hold its annual Spring Symposium on May 15, 2012 at the BP Research Center (150 West Warrenville Road, Naperville, IL 60563). The program is scheduled to begin at 8 AM and end at 5 PM.
The Catalysis Club of Chicago invites you to submit abstracts for oral or poster presentations. Please visit the Club’s website to download the template for abstract submission (http://www.catalysisclubchicago.org/2012SymposiumAbstract.doc). The length of abstracts for oral presentations should not exceed one page and those for poster presentations should not exceed one half page. Twenty five minutes will be allotted for each oral presentation. Please indicate what type of presentation you would prefer. Due to the limited speaking slots, if you request an oral presentation also indicate if you would like to be considered for a poster. Prizes will be awarded for the three best student posters.
Please submit your abstract to Rafael Alcala, Program Chair of CCC at Rafael.firstname.lastname@example.org by April 22, 2012.
All participants and accompanying guests must register and receive a conference badge to participate in symposium activities. Registration fee is detailed below and covers lunch as well as a copy of the meeting abstract book. One student presenter per accepted submission will be exempt from the registration fee. Pre-registration is strongly encouraged, although participants will be able to register onsite. Please email your name and affiliation to Neng Guo, Club Secretary at email@example.com so that your gate pass and lunch can be arranged. We thank NACS and our industrial sponsors for their generous financial supports.
- Professional (presenting or non-presenting): $70
- Postdoc (presenting or non-presenting): $35
- Student (presenting, either poster or talk, first author or presenter only): FREE
- Student (attending only): $35
- Vendors (two per paid table, $500): FREE
All the participants except invited keynote speakers, the Pines awardee, and vendors are required to pay membership dues at the time of registration. The current rate is $30 for professionals & postdocs and $10 for students.
Wayne received his Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry in 1975 at the University of Texas, Austin, under the supervision of M.J.S. Dewar, where his research included some of the earliest measurements and full analysis of the photoelectron spectra of inorganic molecules. After completing his Ph.D., Wayne won a NATO fellowship, and then became an NRC Research Fellow at the National Bureau of Standards near Washington, DC. At the “Bureau” (now NIST), he worked under the supervision of two pioneers in the field of surface science, Ted Madey and John Yates. Among several important accomplishments during his tenure there, Wayne produced landmark publications on the metal-catalyzed CO methanation reaction. Using well-defined single crystal model catalysts of Ni and Ru and a novel, UHV-attached ‘high’ pressure catalytic reactor, his work provided conclusive evidence that CO methanation is a structure insensitive reaction.
Wayne’s scientific career took off in the 1980s; these were highly productive years that established him as a leading figure in surface science and heterogeneous catalysis. At Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, NM, he identified “long-range” effects of some surface modifiers giving new perspectives on phenomena associated with poisoning and promotion of catalytic reactions. Wayne also initiated research efforts focused on the hydrogenolysis of alkanes, cyclohexane dehydrogenation, methanol synthesis, CO oxidation, and NO reduction. His fundamental studies continued to explore links between surface structure and surface reactivity, helping to establish an approach followed by many research groups in subsequent years.
Wayne took a faculty position in the Department of Chemistry at Texas A&M University in 1988, where he remained, holding the Robert A. Welch Foundation Chair at the time of his death. The academic environment of Texas A&M added a new dimension to Wayne’s life. It was a joy for him to teach general chemistry to undergraduates, and Prof. Goodman’s lectures became very popular among the students. Within a few short years, Wayne was also able to establish one of the best laboratories for surface science in the United States. In the early 1990s, following work he initiated at Sandia, his group at A&M performed systematic studies of the physical and chemical properties of bimetallic surfaces and strained metal overlayers. Clear correlations were found between the electronic perturbations induced by bimetallic bonding and variations in the chemical and catalytic activity of the metals. After making many impactful discoveries in this area, Wayne shifted his attention to the chemistry of oxide surfaces and the interaction of well-defined metal nanoparticles with oxide supports, where he elucidated key aspects of particle size effects in catalysis. His group developed models of metal/oxide interfaces that have become valuable tools for imaging and imagining the structure of supported heterogeneous catalysts. In the late 1990s, his studies of catalysis by supported Au nanoparticles received wide recognition, with many papers, citations and invited lectures all over the world. He also led elegant kinetic and spectroscopic studies of vinyl acetate synthesis over metal alloys, unraveling key phenomena for the preparation of oxygenates.
Wayne published over 500 papers in surface science and heterogeneous catalysis, with nearly 24,000 citations and an h‑index of 76. His work in these areas over the last 30 years has helped to transform catalysis from a primarily applications-oriented discipline to a highly sophisticated scientific enterprise. For these scientific accomplishments, Wayne received numerous awards and honors. From the American Chemical Society, he received the Ipatieff Prize in catalysis (1983), the Kendall Award in Colloid and Surface Chemistry (1993), the Arthur W. Adamson Award for Distinguished Service in Advancement of Surface Chemistry (2002), and the Gabor A. Somorjai Award for Creative Research in Catalysis (2005). Wayne was a Robert Burwell Lecturer for the North American Catalysis Society (1997), and has been elected as a fellow of the American Chemical Society, the Royal Society of Chemistry, the Institute of Physics, and the American Vacuum Society. He served as an Associate Editor of the Journal of Catalysis, and as a member of the Editorial Boards of Surface Science, Applied Surface Science, Langmuir, Catalysis Letters, Journal of Molecular Catalysis A, Chemical Physics Letters and the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. He also mentored a large number of graduate students and postdocs.
Wayne is survived by his lovely and gracious wife of 44 years, Sandy, of College Station, TX; his son, Jac Goodman, son-in-law, Steven Teiler, grandson Eitan Teiler Goodman of Washington, D.C.; his father, Grady Goodman; a brother, Garon Goodman; and a sister, Marcalyn Price.
On a personal note, we both attest to Wayne’s infectious enthusiasm for science and life, his natural tendency to forge deep friendships with almost everyone he knew, his incredible sense of humor, and his deep commitment to his family, friends and institutions. His successful efforts to reveal some of “Mother Nature’s” closely guarded secrets were an inspiration to all who knew him. As importantly, Wayne was a friend to all, who could always be counted on to entertain, enlighten, support, and debate. Along with another friend and colleague, Prof. Charles Mims (University of Toronto), we were honored to dedicate our recent joint publication to Wayne in a special issue of the Journal of Physical Chemistry C (Vol. 114, No. 40, 2010) published in honor of his 65th birthday. Our acknowledgment to Wayne in our paper was as follows: “We thank Wayne Goodman for his scientific inspiration, mentoring, and collaboration, and for untold number of good times that defy description.” We will greatly miss our friend and mentor. We know this same sentiment will be shared by a large fraction of the membership of the NACS.
Wayne, thank you for all you did for us, old buddy!
Charlie Campbell (Department of Chemistry, University of Washington)
Chuck Peden (Institute for Integrated Catalysis, Pacific Northwest National Laboratories)
Memorial contributions may be made to Hospice Brazos Valley at www.hospicebrazosvalley.org. Cards, letters and other written forms of condolences also may be addressed to the Goodman Family in care of the Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843–3255.
Note: Some of the above material was adapted from the Preface to the special issue of the Journal of Physical Chemistry C (Vol. 114, No. 40, 2010) published in honor of Wayne Goodman’s 65th birthday. The Preface was authored by Michael Henderson, Chuck Peden, Jose Rodriguez, Janos Szanyi, John Yates, and Francisco Zaera.